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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: Lectures or Presentations

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use APA and MLA. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.

Lectures or Presentations

Reference: Author(s) Last name, Initial(s). (Year). Title of lecture [format, e.g. PowerPoint, Prezi, PDF etc.]. Retrieved from URL

Example: Duffy, B. (2015). Dysphasia in stroke. [PowerPoint]. Retrieved from

Note: if you are referencing the live lecture or just print notes simply leave out the URL.


  • Author Last name (Year)
  • Author Last name, Year


  • Duffy (2015) explained the presentation of dysphasia after stroke...
  • Dysphasia is a common outcome of stroke (Duffy, 2015).


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