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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: Interviews

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use APA and MLA. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.

Personal Interview

Reference: Interviewee(s) Last Name, First name. Personal Interview. Day Month Year of interview.

Example: Higgins, John. Personal Interview. 7 September 2010.


  • (Interviewee(s) Last name)


  • Additional figures provided (Higgins) prove….


Published Interview

If the interview is part of a publication, recording or programme, enclose the title of the interview, if any, in quotation marks; if the interview was published independently, italicize the title. If the interview is untitled use the descriptive label Interview, neither italicized nor enclosed in quotation marks. The interviewer's name may be added if known and pertinent to your paper. Conclude with the appropriate bibliographic information.

Reference: Interviewee Last name, First name. "Title of interview" (if any). See REF for relevant format (book, film, newspaper etc.)

Example: Hollinghurst, Alan. Interview by Pat Wheeler. Contemporary British and Irish Fiction: An Introduction through Interviews. edited by Sharon Monteith, Jenny Newman and Pat Wheeler. London Hodder, 2004, 71-86. 

Example: Blanchett, Cate. "In Character with: Cate Blanchett." Notes on a Scandal. Directed by Richard Eyre, Fox Searchlight, 2006.


  • (Interviewee Last name Page no)
  • (Page no)


  • Kazuo Ishiguro has been described as viewing English subjects through a non-English lens (Hollinghurst 73).
  • Alan Hollinghurst suggests that Ishiguro views English subjects through a non-English lens (73).


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